New gTLD Fast Facts
The New gTLD Program is an initiative coordinated by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) that is enabling the largest expansion of the domain name system. Top-level domains (TLDs) are the letters found at the end of an Internet address. They fall into one of two categories: those that represent countries/territories (known as country code TLDs or ccTLDs) and those that do not (generic TLDs or gTLDs). Through the program, the number of gTLDs will increase from 22 to more than a thousand.
The New gTLD Program has made it possible for communities, governments, businesses and brands to apply to operate a gTLD registry, the database of all domain names registered in a top-level domain. The goal of introducing new gTLDs into the Internet is to enhance competition, innovation and consumer choice. In addition, the New gTLD Program is bringing with it many new safeguards that help to support a secure, stable and resilient Internet.
gTLD Key Stats
1930 Applications received by the deadline (May 2012).
1000+ New gTLD names or “strings” possible.
850+ New gTLDs introduced into the DNS Root Zone.*
23 October 2013 Delegation of first new gTLD (. .(ةكبش
Internationalized Domain Names
(IDNs) are available as generic top-level domains for the first time, enabling new extensions in different language scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Devanagari and more.
Q. Are there different types of new gTLDs?
A. New gTLDs have been introduced for a variety of communities, interests and businesses. They can be, among other things, commonly used words, such as .BUILD or .WEBSITE. There are specific subsets of gTLDs, including Geographic (.RIO, .WIEN, etc.), Community (.SKI, .SCOT, etc.), Brands and IDNs (.世界, .дети, etc.).
Q. How can I access a website with a new gTLD extension?
A. Websites with new gTLD extensions can be accessed similarly to any other website – by entering the web address directly into the browser or by clicking the website link provided from search engine results.
Q. Who can operate a new gTLD?
A. Operating a TLD registry is a major commitment. To qualify, applicants had to undergo a rigorous application and evaluation process. At this time, the application window is closed, though there will be additional opportunities to apply for a new gTLD in the future.
Q. How can I register a domain name in a new gTLD?
A. Domain names are available for registration on new gTLDs through many registrars, the same as other TLDs. With new gTLDs being introduced regularly, there are domains of all types and languages to choose from.
Q. Where can I find more information?
A. For more information about the New gTLD Program, visit: http://newgtlds.icann.org. For examples of how people are using new gTLDs, visit: http://www.icann.org/newgtldcasestudies.
About Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
ICANN’s mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world. ICANN and its community help keep the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It also promotes competition and develops policy for the top-level of the Internet’s naming system and facilitates the use of other unique Internet identifiers. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.
Wednesday, October 7, 2015